A discussion on the conflict between meeting the needs of the market today and those of the future
In Sweden, with it’s total area of 450’000 square kilometres, 55% of the land area is covered by forest habitats. The forest industry stands for 20% of the Swedish export. The forest land has great economical value for Sweden along with the environmental (flora and fauna) and the social values (i.e. recreation). The productive forest land corresponds to 23 million hectares and is managed by the public (the state, municipalities, county councils, the church and companies) or private persons (http://www.ne.se).
Sawmill industry started off in the middle of the 19th century and the forest industry is well established. The Swedish Forest Industries Federation, Skogsindustrierna, declare that the forests in Sweden are growing faster than they are being harvested (http://www.skogsindustrierna.org), about 2/3 of 100m3sk growth each year (http://www.ne.se). Admittedly, the number of trees has been rising since the 1920’s (National Forest Inventory) but most of the productive forest land has a very poor biological diversity which hazards the sustainability of the ecosystem. The demand for timber is increasing on the world market and the prices are higher than ever which leads to a greater pressure to cut down more natural forest habitats (DN 19/10-2007). Continue reading Campaigns against the logging of old growth forests